The Royal families have been passing their extravagant regalia to their heirs and these expensive scepters and crowns known as British Crown Jewels have been stored in the tower of London for years as their legacy.
Kings and queens of England have stored crowns, robes, and other items of their ceremonial regalia at the Tower of London for over 600 years. Since the 1600s, the coronation regalia itself, commonly known as the 'Crown Jewels' have been protected at the Tower.
These are the 10 plush crown jewels which are so expensive that you will be amazed
Coronation Robes (1953), last worn by Queen Elizabeth II, In addition to the coronation gown, Hartnell also designed a plain white linen robe called a colobium sindonis, which initially covered the short-sleeved, low-neck gown. Attached to the shoulders was a crimson velvet mantle edged with ermine and featuring two rows of delicately embroidered gold lace and gold filigree. On the Coronation Day, the six maids of honour carried this robe behind the Queen.
A much lighter crown is worn by the monarch when he or she leaves Westminster Abbey, and at the annual State Opening of Parliament. The current Imperial State Crown was made in 1937 for George VI and is a virtual copy of the one made in 1838 for Queen Victoria, which had fallen into a poor state of repair, and had been made using gems from its own predecessor, the State Crown of George I. (8.1)
The Sovereign's Orb is a hollow gold sphere with a cross mounted on top. It is used in the coronation, and symbolises the Christian world and the monarch's role as head of the Church of England. The bands of jewels split the orb into three sections, representing the three continents known in medieval times, while the cross represents God.
The Sovereign’s Sceptre with Cross has been used at every coronation since Charles II’s in 1661. It was transformed in 1910 for George V by the addition of the spectacular Cullinan I diamond. This remains the largest top quality cut white diamond in the world, weighting in at 530.2 carats.
The Sovereign’s Sceptre with Dove (1661), also offered to the new monarch, is topped by an enamel dove with open wings perched on a cross to symbolise the Holy Ghost.
The jewelled sword of offering dates back to 1820 and the reign of King George IV. It cost £5,988 - £500,000 in today's money - and was paid for out of the King's privy purse. It is covered in 3,476 precious stones and the Damascus steel blade is decorated with the national flowers of England, Scotland and Ireland, roses, thistles and shamrocks.
In 1910 George V was crowned king in Great Britain, and soon made his desire known to be personally inaugurated as Emperor of India. The Imperial State Crown could not be taken out of Britain, so a splendid new crown was commissioned for the King to wear at the great ceremonial court known as the ‘Delhi Durbar’
This crown was made in 1937 for Queen Elizabeth, the wife and consort of George VI, for his coronation as king in 1937. It contains 2,800 diamonds - and most of the gemstones in it were already in the royal collection. Many of the diamonds were taken from Queen Victoria's Regal Circlet.
After King George's death she would be known as the Queen Mother, and she wore the crown again for the coronation of her daughter Queen Elizabeth II in 1937.
A few items survived Oliver Cromwell’s terrible meltdown. Three 17th-century swords escaped destruction, along with an 11th-century coronation spoon used in the anointing of the monarch with holy oil. The eagle-shaped Ampulla(1661) , which contains the fragrant holy oil used to anoint the new monarch.
The most important of all the Crown Jewels, the St Edward's Crown is solid gold and weighs 2040g. it is decorated with 444 precious and semi-precious stones. It was made in 1661 for the coronation of Charles II, after the previous medieval crown was melted down by Parliamentarians in 1649 during the Civil War.
The crown is used for the formal coronation of monarchs, and was worn briefly by the Queen when she was crowned in 1953.
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