Myofascial Pain Syndrome is a chronic pain disorder that causes pain and inflammation of the muscles or soft tissues in the body. Read about its signs & symptoms, causes, diagnosis, prevention & treatment.
MPS or Myofascial Pain Syndrome, also known as CMP (Chronic Myofascial Pain) and myofascial pain and dysfunction syndrome (MPDS or MFPDS), is a chronic or painful condition that affects muscles or the cover (sheath) of the small tissue (called fascia) of the body that surrounds the muscles. It may affect a single muscle or a group of muscles.
In certain cases, the area where the pain is experienced may not be the location of myofascial pain generator. According to the experts, the actual injury or strain site leads to the development of a trigger point (sensitive points in muscles) that causes pain in other areas (called referred pain).
Let us read about the signs & symptoms, causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of MPS.
Here are the signs and symptoms of MPS:
Check out the causes and risk factors of Myofascial Pain Syndrome here.
And these are some ways to prevent MPS:
The diagnosis of the MPS is based on the symptoms and possible sleep studies. It can be identified by pain resulting due to pressure applied to a particular area of the body. Two types of trigger points can be identified while diagnosing the MPS.
The doctor can ask you to conduct certain tests and procedures to rule out other causes of muscle pain.
The treatment of Myofascial Pain Syndrome can be done through physical therapy, medications, massage therapy, mouth guards, stretch & spray technique, and trigger point injection. The pain may not resolve on its own despite the first-aid self-care like heat, ice, and rest.
Massage therapy uses trigger point release techniques that can prove effective in short term pain relief. Physiotherapy involves exercise and gentle stretching that can prove useful in the recovery of the full range of motion and motor coordination. And when the trigger points are resolved, practice muscle strengthening exercises to support the long-term health of the local muscle system.
Myofascial release involves gentle fascia manipulation and massage that may help improve the condition. Dry needling helps treat MPS in the lower back as a useful addition to the standard therapies. Acupuncture is also found to be helpful. Posture evaluation and ergonomics offer relief in the early treatment stages. Gentle, sustained stretching exercises within a comfortable range of motion can reduce symptoms. Regular, non-intense activity can also help.
Medicines like non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, pain relievers, sedatives, antidepressants, acetaminophen, opioids, and benzodiazepine can help relieve MPS symptoms like sleep issues, depression, and muscle spasm. In the stretch and spray technique, the muscle and trigger point is sprayed with coolant, and then the muscle is stretched gradually.
The ultrasound procedure uses sound waves to increase blood circulation and warmth in the body. It may improve the affected muscle’s healing.
When the symptoms of Myofascial Pain Syndrome aggravate, fibromyalgia & sleep disorders are the complications that can occur. So, ensure that this health condition is taken care of in the early stages, and proper treatment is undertaken.
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