Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in women in different body parts of the body. Know about the signs & symptoms, causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment here.
Did you know that almost 50% of cases of ovarian cancer occur in women who are more than 63 years old? You may have heard that ovarian cancer is a silent killer, but some early signs can help prevent it from spreading in other body parts. A few of the earliest symptoms are simple to identify for both people suffering from cancer and the doctors.
Read on here about the signs & symptoms, causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of ovarian cancer.
Some early signs of Ovarian Cancer:
Other symptoms may include:
If you have one or more of these symptoms, that doesn’t mean you have cancer. These symptoms are not limited to Ovarian Cancer.
Later stage symptoms:
As a fact, numerous women have some of these problems at one time or another. However, consult your gynecologist for a physical checkup if you have several of these signs repetitively during a single month or if they continue.
The four stages of cancer are:
These stages are determined by the size of the tumor, how much cancer spread to other body areas, the tumor’s invasion in the ovary, or nearby tissue.
The exact cause of ovarian cancer is not known. The risk factors include:
The diagnosis of ovarian cancer requires medical history and physical examination. One or multiple blood tests are also needed to diagnose the condition. An annual pap smear test may not be able to detect it.
The following tests are conducted:
Various types of Imaging tests like CT scan, MRI, or PET scan are done to check for changes in ovaries and other organs that may be affected by cancer.
To check for metastasis, urinalysis (check for infection or blood in urine), chest X-ray (check for tumor spread in lungs), and barium enema (check for tumor spread in the colon) can be done. Also, regular ovarian screenings are not recommended.
The ways of preventing ovarian cancer include:
The treatment of ovarian cancer depends on the stage, type, and whether you want children in the future. Surgery, advanced ovarian cancer surgery, and chemotherapy are some of the common treatment methods.
Ovarian cancer can even cause death if it reaches the last stage. So it is better to take possible precautions and seek medical guidance if early symptoms are seen.
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